We’ve updated our Terms of Use to reflect our new entity name and address. You can review the changes here.
We’ve updated our Terms of Use. You can review the changes here.


Description/notes on Brenda Stumpf's piece titled Cause:
Watercolor, charcoal and plaster on paper.

When the Holy Roman Empire saw itself trapped geographically by the pagan Normans in the northwest and the Moslem Saracens in the southeast, Pope Urban II initiated the People's crusade in 1095. Made up mostly of the dregs of society, 150,000 to 300,000 went across southern Europe. One division slaughtered 10,000 Jews in the Rhineland, then forgot about the Holy Land and dispersed.

-- Walker, Barbara G., The Women's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets, HarperCollins, San Francisco, 1983. Page 192.


from The Crusades, released January 1, 2005


all rights reserved



PatternBased Akron, Ohio

PatternBased explores sound, imagery, movement, code and other forms. Label - Production House - Occasional Unique Events. With varying degrees of failure and success, PatternBased attempts to be a champion for creatives worldwide.

contact / help

Contact PatternBased

Streaming and
Download help

Redeem code

Report this track or account